Punch 1982

série: Magazines étrangers
éditeur: Divers
classement: carton35
année: 1982
format: broché
état: TBE
valeur: 0 €
critère: *
remarques: Punch, weekly, 11th August 1982, 45p

- Maggie, daughter of Jane
- the high and the mighty

Punch or the London Charivari was a British weekly magazine
of humour and satire established in 1841 by Henry Mayhew
and engraver Ebenezer Landells,
historically, it was most influential in the 1840s and 1850s,
when it helped to coin the term "cartoon" in its modern sense
as a humorous illustration

after the 1940s, when its circulation peaked,
it went into a long decline, closing in 1992,
it was revived in 1996, but closed again in 2002

Punch was founded on 17 July 1841 by Henry Mayhew
and engraver Ebenezer Landells, on an initial investment of £25,
it was jointly edited by Mayhew and Mark Lemon,
it was subtitled the London Charivari in homage
to Charles Philipon's French satirical humour magazine le Charivari
reflecting their satiric and humorous intent,
the two editors took for their name
and masthead the anarchic glove puppet, Mr. Punch, of Punch and Judy;
the name also referred to a joke made early
on about one of the magazine's first editors, Lemon, that "punch is nothing without lemon"
Mayhew ceased to be joint editor in 1842
and became "suggestor in chief" until he severed his connection in 1845
the magazine initially struggled for readers,
except for an 1842 "Almanack" issue
which shocked its creators by selling 90,000 copies,
in December 1842 due to financial difficulties,
the magazine was sold to Bradbury and Evans, both printers and publishers,
Bradbury and Evans capitalised on newly evolving mass printing technologies
and also were the publishers for Charles Dickens
and William Makepeace Thackeray.

the term "cartoon" to refer to comic drawings
was first used in Punch in 1843,
when the Houses of Parliament were to be decorated with murals,
and "cartoons" for the mural were displayed for the public;
the term "cartoon" then meant a finished preliminary sketch
on a large piece of cardboard, or cartone in Italian,
Punch humorously appropriated the term to refer to its political cartoons,
and the popularity of the Punch cartoons led to the term's widespread use

the illustrator Archibald Henning designed the cover of the magazine's first issues,
the cover design varied in the early years,
though Richard Doyle designed what became the magazine's masthead in 1849,
artists who published in Punch during the 1840s and 50s
included John Leech, Richard Doyle, John Tenniel and Charles Keene,
this group became known as "the Punch Brotherhood",
which also included Charles Dickens who joined Bradbury and Evans
after leaving Chapman and Hall in 1843
Punch authors and artists also contributed
to another Bradbury and Evans literary magazine
called Once A Week (est.1859),
created in response to Dickens' departure from Household Words
Copyright 2008 - 2023 G. Rudolf